Luckily for us though, the decision on which implant to use is made by the dentist, in conjunction with discussions with the patient. This may prove mindboggling or distasteful for some people. However an informed patient will feel more comfortable with what is happening to their teeth. So by finding out more about each type of implant, the procedure may not be quite so traumatic for the patient. Dental Implants near me is an excellent resource for this.
A Root Form dental implant is the most common type of implant used. It is basically a screw shaped like a tooth root. This type of implant is used when your jawbone has enough width and depth to support the implant. If your jawbone does not have those requirements, a bone graft may be necessary to provide an area in your jawbone for the screw type root to fuse with. The implant specialist will make a cut in your gum, expose your jawbone and then drill one hole per required implant. The implant is then inserted and your gum is stitched together. About three to six months later, the gum is cut open to expose the implant and an abutment is attached to it. The new tooth will then be attached to the abutment.
A Subperiosteal dental implant is used when the jawbone does not have enough width or length, nor is it considered suitable for a bone graft. It is a type of metal plate or frame that is inserted under the gum next to the jawbone. It is made of a light weight material and braced to ensure that any pressure is spread evenly over the jawbone. Any implants are then securely attached to the implant. After a period of healing, the remainder of the dental implant, such as the crown is attached.
A Plate Form dental implant is used when the jawbone is too narrow to be considered suitable for bone grafting. The plate used for this implant is flat and long so that it will fit comfortably and securely against a narrow jawbone. The implant specialist will make a cut in the gum, and then shape the jawbone to the most appropriate shape to hold the plate implant. It is then fixed to the jawbone and the gum stitched back together. Three to six months may be required in order for the mouth to heal before the final parts of the implant are attached.
A Mini dental implant is used when the tooth or teeth being replaced are small, such as the incisors, or in order to secure removable dentures. This type of implant is almost half the size of a traditional Root Form implant. The patient consequently has less pain, a quicker procedure and saves time and money. To insert a Mini dental implant, the dental implant specialist makes a cut in the gum, drills a small hole in the jawbone and fixes the implant in place. Immediately the abutment is attached to the implant and the tooth or dentures can be fixed to it right away.
Modern dentistry is making huge leaps in the use of technology each year. The Root Form, Subperiosteal, Plate Form and Mini implants were invented to meet the specific needs of a wide range of patients, based upon the type of jawbone they have. Patients can feel secure in the knowledge that through understanding why their specific type of dental implant was chosen, that they are more likely to be relaxed during the implant procedure. As technology and research continues into the area of dental implants, we are sure to see more advanced implants developed and these four main types of implants improved even further.